Relationships ranging from bed cycle and dietary consumption when you look at the 4- so you’re able to fourteen-year-old Danish children
A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers ( P = 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.
New prevalence of young people being obese was growing since the a major fitness state ( Resource Reilly step one ) . In lots of studies, a bad or U-designed dating anywhere between bed course and pounds standing has been observed in the infants ( Resource Taveras, Rifas-Shiman and you may Oken 2 ) , college students ( Reference Cappuccio, Taggart and you can Kandala 3 , Resource Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and you can Bielfeldt 4 ) , teenagers ( Reference Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and Bielfeldt cuatro , Reference Garaulet, Ortega and Ruiz 5 ) and you will grownups ( Resource Cappuccio, Taggart and you may Kandala 3 , Site Chaput, Despres and Bouchard six ) . Moreover, meta-analyses analysing research off knowledge in children has concluded that smaller sleep cycle are associated with high probability of being obese ( Resource Cappuccio, Taggart and you can Kandala step 3 ) . This might have traditionally-title ramifications ( Site Landhuis, Poulton and you may Welch seven ) since the tracking off over weight off childhood in order to adulthood happen ( Resource Wright, Emmett and you can Ness 8 ) , and thus enhancing the chance of developing particular non-communicable disease, since the heavy are of specific low-communicable sickness ( Site Lloyd, Langley-Evans and you may McMullen 9 ) . The possibility influence from faster bed stage to your weight equilibrium is not grasped. That possible underlying components would be the fact faster bed years tends to make a keen affect new hormones control out-of appetite. In reality, lack of sleep has been claimed to reduce leptin account, boost ghrelin account https://datingranking.net/es/interracialpeoplemeet-review/, change sugar homeostasis, and you will turn on the new orexin system ( Site Spiegel, Tasali and Leproult ten ) . Additionally, reduced sleep cycle may possibly offer overindulging and gaining weight by the increasing the time available for dinner, particularly in the night time where inactive things, instance watching television, and you may snack into very palatable and effort-thicker delicacies are common ( Site Chaput, Klingenberg and you can Astrup 11 ) .
Matchmaking anywhere between bed years and you can fat loss intake into the cuatro- so you can 14-year-old Danish students
When shortened sleep years causes sleepiness and you can/otherwise exhaustion during the day this may limit the determination for being actually energetic and you will promote inactive behaviors as an alternative. This has hence been already speculated that there’s a connection anywhere between bed duration, Bmi and you will physical working out; yet not, comes from training relating to this was basically inconsistent ( Source Garaulet, Ortega and you can Ruiz 5 , Source Ortega, Ruiz and you may Labayen a dozen ) . Never assume all research has checked out this new relationship anywhere between sleep course and you will dietary high quality ( Reference Maddah, Rashidi and you will Mohammadpour 13 – Source Westerlund, Beam and you may Roos fifteen ) . This problem is specially relevant of a general public wellness view once the improved energy intake is apparently the most probable reason due to the fact in order to as to the reasons college students which have smaller bed cycle features a high exposure of becoming obese.